|Project #||Project Title||Research Focus Area||Research Program||Administering IC(s)||Institution(s)||Investigator(s)||Location(s)||Year Awarded|
|VIRTUAL PERSPECTIVE-TAKING TO REDUCE RACE AND SES DISPARITIES IN PAIN CARE||Clinical Research in Pain Management||NIMHD||Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis||HIRSH, ADAM T||Indianapolis, IN||2018|
FOA Title: NIMHD Social, Behavioral, Health Services, and Policy Research on Minority Health and Health Disparities (R01)
FOA Number: RFA-MD-13-006
Previous studies found that African American (AA) and low socioeconomic status (SES) patients are less likely to receive guideline-concordant pain care relative to White and high SES patients. According to research and theory, enhancing clinician perspective-taking is a promising strategy for improving the care of AA and low SES patients. We have developed an innovative methodology that utilizes computer-simulated patients and environments to assess, understand, and remediate pain treatment disparities. Our approach allows for the intervention to be individually tailored to each trainee, thereby enhancing its impact. It also allows for individual trainees to gain exposure to a greater range of racially and socioeconomically diverse patients than can normally be obtained in traditional training settings. We hypothesize that our perspective-taking intervention will increase trainees’ knowledge of their own biases, enhance trainees’ empathy toward patients, and reduce trainees’ anxiety/threat toward patients, and that these changes will reduce pain treatment disparities.