Funded Projects

Explore our currently funded projects. You may search with all three fields, then focus your results by applying any of the dropdown filters. After customizing your search, you may download results and even save your specific search for later.

Project # Project Title Research Focus Area Research Program Administering IC Institution(s) Investigator(s) Location(s) Year Awarded
1RM1DA059375-01
HEAL Initiative: Research to Foster an Opioid Use Disorder Treatment System Patients Can Count On Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Optimizing the Quality, Reach, and Impact of Addiction Services NIDA RESEARCH TRIANGLE INSTITUTE MARK, TAMI L Research Triangle Park, NC 2023
NOFO Title: HEAL Initiative: Research to Foster an Opioid Use Disorder Treatment System Patients Can Count On (RM1 - Clinical Trial Optional)
NOFO Number: RFA-DA-23-046
Summary:

Although medication-based treatment for opioid use disorder can effectively reduce overdose risk and improve health outcomes, most people discontinue treatment too soon. Quality measures that inform opioid treatment programs about how many patients remain in treatment relative to peer programs could motivate those programs to pursue quality improvement activities, such as helping patients navigate logistical barriers to receiving treatment. This project will test approaches to developing and disseminating retention and outcome measures for opioid treatment programs.

1R61DA059892-01
Data-Driven Approaches for Opioid Use Disorder Treatment, Recovery, and Overdose Prevention in Rural Communities via Mobile Health Clinics and Peer Support Services Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Optimizing the Quality, Reach, and Impact of Addiction Services NIDA CLEMSON UNIVERSITY RENNERT, LIOR (contact); LITWIN, ALAIN HARRIS Clemson, SC 2023
NOFO Title: HEAL Initiative: Translating Research to Practice to End the Overdose Crisis (R61/R33 Clinical Trial Optional)
NOFO Number: RFA-DA-23-053
Summary:

Although medication-based treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD) can effectively reduce overdose risk and improve health outcomes, most people discontinue treatment too soon. Peer support specialists, who are individuals with direct experience with a substance use disorder, can offer social support to help individuals with OUD overcome barriers to treatment and recovery. This project will develop, deliver, and evaluate an innovative peer support specialist intervention to help individuals begin and stay in a treatment program. The research will focus on rural populations and underserved communities, using a dynamic modeling framework to prioritize at-risk communities for treatment offered through mobile health clinics.

1K01DA059641-01
Adapting and Implementing a Chronic Disease Self-Management Program for Primary Care Patients with Opioid Use Disorder and Serious Mental Illness Cross-Cutting Research Training the Next Generation of Researchers in HEAL NIDA UNIVERSITY OF UTAH SIANTZ, ELIZABETH Salt Lake City, UT 2023
NOFO Title: Career Development Awards in Implementation Science for Substance Use Prevention and Treatment (K01 - Clinical Trial Required) 
NOFO Number: PAS-22-206
Summary:

Many people with opioid use disorder (OUD) also have a serious mental illness and other chronic conditions, which can be difficult for individuals and primary care providers to manage. A chronic disease self-management program is an established health care model in which peers help to educate patients about their condition(s) and build problem-solving skills to manage their health. Such programs have been effective in other populations and settings, but they have not been adapted for primary care patients who have OUD and SMI. This project will adapt and test a chronic disease self-management program for this population to understand its feasibility, acceptability, impact, and how best to put such programs into place widely in primary care settings.

1R61DA059880-01
Evaluation of a Peer Recovery Support Program Adapted to Target Retention in Clinic-Based Medication for Opioid Use Disorder Treatment Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Optimizing the Quality, Reach, and Impact of Addiction Services NIDA GEISINGER CLINIC POULSEN, MELISSA (contact); ZAJAC, KRISTYN Danville, PA 2023
NOFO Title: HEAL Initiative: Translating Research to Practice to End the Overdose Crisis (R61/R33 Clinical Trial Optional)
NOFO Number: RFA-DA-23-053
Summary:

Medications for opioid use disorder (OUD) are safe and effective. However, many people do not take them long enough to achieve sustained recovery, putting them at risk of overdose. Peer recovery support services—which are delivered by trained individuals with lived experience of addiction and recovery—may help people with OUD initiate and stay in medication treatment. This project will adapt peer recovery support services for use in outpatient substance use treatment settings and test their implementation and effectiveness in helping people with OUD achieve long-term recovery. If successful, the program could be implemented in a variety of outpatient treatment programs, including in underserved rural areas.

1UG3HL165839-01A1
Peer suppoRt for adolescents and Emerging adults with Sickle cell pain: promoting ENgagement in Cognitive behavioral thErapy  (PRESENCE) Clinical Research in Pain Management Pain Management Effectiveness Research Network (ERN) NHLBI UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH AT PITTSBURGH JONASSAINT, CHARLES RICHARD (contact); MURRAY-KREZAN, CRISTIN Pittsburgh, PA 2023
NOFO Title: HEAL Initiative: Sickle Cell Disease Pain Management Trials Utilizing the Pain Management Effectiveness Research Network Cooperative Agreement (UG3/UH3, Clinical Trial Required)
NOFO Number: RFA-AT-23-002
Summary:

Pain is the most common symptom of sickle cell disease (SCD), contributing to poor physical and emotional health outcomes and exacerbating socially determined health disparities at significant societal cost. PRESENCE will be the first study to compare the effectiveness of a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program with and without peer support to usual care as a non-pharmaceutical option for pain management in adolescents and young adults living with SCD. CBT is delivered through an innovative digital app that is accessed on a mobile device with one group receiving self-guided CBT, a second group receiving CBT plus peer support, and a third group receiving usual SCD care. The PRESENCE program is comprised of strong community partnerships that provide the peer support component of the intervention. Measured outcomes will include pain and emotional health.

1R21AG082344-01
Using Secondary Analyses to Test Novel Pathways Linking Family Stress and Pain Incidence and Persistence Among African Americans Cross-Cutting Research Leveraging Existing and Real-Time Opioid and Pain Management Data NIA UT SOUTHWESTERN MEDICAL CENTER WOODS, SARAH B Dallas, TX 2022
NOFO Title: HEAL Initiative: Secondary Analysis and Integration of Existing Data Related to Acute and Chronic Pain Development or Managementin Humans (R21 Clinical Trials Not Allowed)
NOFO Number: RFA-DE-22-011
Summary:

Chronic pain is a persistent source of disability and reduced quality of life for aging adults. Chronic pain-related outcomes are disproportionately worse for aging African Americans, who report greater pain severity and worse pain-related disability compared to White peers. A significant pain risk factor for African Americans is chronic stress (including family-related stress), which is worsened by structural inequities that affect this population. Although many African Americans identify family support as critical for pain self-management, this influence has not been studied thoroughly. This project will study how pain conditions develop and persist for aging African Americans by analyzing existing data from African American participants in two large aging studies: Midlife in the U.S. (721 participants) and the Health and Retirement Study (2,698 participants). The research aims to determine how family emotional climate affects pain risk, taking into account structural factors like discrimination, socioeconomic disparity, and the influence of various neighborhood settings.

1R01DA057633-01
Teaching Harm Reduction in Vulnerable Environments (THRIVE): A Peer-Led Intervention Bridging Acute Care Settings and the Discharge to the Community Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Harm Reduction Approaches to Reduce Overdose Deaths NIDA UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH WILSON, JACQUELINE DEANNA Pittsburgh, PA 2022
NOFO Title: HEAL Initiative: Harm Reduction Policies, Practices, and Modes of Delivery for Persons with Substance Use Disorders (R01 Clinical Trial Optional)
NOFO Number: RFA-DA-22-046
Summary:

People who use drugs often have other medical problems that cause them to visit an emergency department frequently. This project will develop and test an intervention aimed at reducing health risk among Black people who use drugs that visit an urban emergency department for care. The intervention will be delivered by people with lived experience of drug use and tailored to meet the unique needs of Black people who use drugs.

3U01DA050442-04S1
Using Implementation Interventions and Peer Recovery Support to Improve Opioid Treatment Outcomes in Community Supervision Cross-Cutting Research Leveraging Existing and Real-Time Opioid and Pain Management Data NIDA BROWN UNIVERSITY MARTIN, ROSEMARIE A; BRINKLEY-RUBINSTEIN, LAUREN; ROHSENOW, DAMARIS J Providence, RI 2022
NOFO Title: Notice of Special Interest (NOSI): Availability of Administrative Supplements for Helping to End Addiction Long-term (HEAL) Initiative awardees to make data Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable (FAIR) through the HEAL Data Ecosystem
NOFO Number: NOT-OD-22-110
Summary:

This research provides support to strengthen data management, data sharing, and data readiness efforts within the HEAL Initiative. This support further fosters collaboration among HEAL awardees and enables maximal data discoverability, interoperability, and reuse by aligning with the FAIR (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable) principles. It also provides an opportunity for existing HEAL Initiative award recipients to increase data “FAIR”-ness, participate in coordinated HEAL Initiative activities to build community around data sharing, and foster sustainability of HEAL Initiative digital assets.

1R01DA057670-01
Peer Engagement in Methamphetamine Harm-Reduction with Contingency Management (PEER-CM) Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Harm Reduction Approaches to Reduce Overdose Deaths NIDA OREGON HEALTH & SCIENCE UNIVERSITY KORTHUIS, PHILIP TODD Portland, OR 2022
NOFO Title: HEAL Initiative: Harm Reduction Policies, Practices, and Modes of Delivery for Persons with Substance Use Disorders (R01 Clinical Trial Optional)
NOFO Number: RFA-DA-22-046
Summary:

Despite substantial increases in overdose deaths among people who use methamphetamine, little is known about how to effectively provide harm reduction services to these individuals. This project will combine and test two harm reduction interventions for people who use methamphetamine. First, peer recovery support specialists will help identify personal harm reduction goals. The project will also test the value of incentives toward achieving these goals (a strategy known as contingency management).

1R01DA057443-01
Peer-Delivered, Behavioral Activation Intervention to Improve Polysubstance Use and Retention in Mobile Telemedicine OUD Treatment in an Underserved, Rural Area Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Improving Delivery of Healthcare Services for Polysubstance Use NIDA UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND, COLLEGE PARK MAGIDSON, JESSICA F (contact); KATTAKUZHY, SARAH M College Park, MD 2022
NOFO Title: HEAL Initiative: Understanding Polysubstance Use and Improving Service Delivery to Address Polysubstance Use (R01 Clinical Trial Optional)
NOFO Number: DA22-047
Summary:

Polysubstance use, especially use of both opioids and stimulants, is compounding the already devastating effects of the opioid crisis in underserved rural areas. This project builds on a previously established treatment model for opioid use disorder that uses telehealth and mobile treatment units, which seeks to engage people in activities they enjoy, to help them avoid negative behaviors such as drug use. This research will evaluate the effectiveness of a behavioral treatment approach delivered by peer recovery support specialists in rural areas and using mobile treatment units. The project will measure the intervention’s effect on treatment retention and polysubstance use – as well as evaluate the intervention’s feasibility, acceptability, adoption, and economic value.

1R34DA057604-01
Planning Grant for a Multi-Site Trial to Examine the Effectiveness of Recovery Community Centers Serving Black Communities to Support Persons Using Medications for Opioid Use Disorder Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Recovery Research Networks NIDA Massachusetts General Hospital HOEPPNER, BETTINA B (contact); KELLY, JOHN F Boston, MA 2022
NOFO Title: HEAL Initiative: Planning Grants for Efficacy or Effectiveness Trials of Recovery Support Services for Individuals Treated with Medications for Opioid Use Disorder (R34 Clinical Trial Optional)
NOFO Number: RFA-DA-22-034
Summary:

People who take medications for opioid use disorder as part of their recovery pathway need to take these medications for extended periods of time to reduce risk of overdose. Recovery community centers, which provide a range of recovery-oriented and peer-delivered services in a welcoming environment, may be an important asset for these individuals. This project joins two recovery community centers that serve Black communities with an academic research team to inform the design of a rigorous, large-scale clinical trial to determine if clinical referral to recovery community centers improves long-term recovery outcomes.

1R34DA057639-01
Leveraging Parents and Peer Recovery Supports to Increase Recovery Capital in Emerging Adults with Polysubstance Use: Feasibility, Acceptability, and Scaling Up of Launch Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Improving Delivery of Healthcare Services for Polysubstance Use NIDA CHESTNUT HEALTH SYSTEMS DRAZDOWSKI, TESS K Eugene, OR 2022
NOFO Title: HEAL Initiative: Pilot & Feasibility Trials to Improve Prevention and Treatment Service Delivery for Polysubstance Use (R34 Clinical Trial Optional)
NOFO Number: DA22-048
Summary:

Young adults (18 to 26) with a substance use problem have the highest rates of polysubstance use among all age groups. At the same time, individuals in this age group (especially in rural areas) are generally lacking in recovery capital: resources to help them recover from substance use, such as vocational or educational skills. This project will assess the feasibility and acceptability of “Launch,” which uses parental and peer recovery support to increase recovery capital for young adults with polysubstance use. The intervention will use coaching as well as contingency management, a treatment approach in which individuals receive tangible rewards as incentives for desired behaviors such as abstinence. If successful, the findings will inform a future large-scale trial assessing the effectiveness of this approach.

1R34DA057627-01
Peer Recovery Support Services for Individuals in Recovery Residences on MOUD Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Recovery Research Networks NIDA MARYLAND TREATMENT CENTERS, INC. FISHMAN, MARC (contact); WENZEL, KEVIN R Baltimore, MD 2022
NOFO Title: HEAL Initiative: Planning Grants for Efficacy or Effectiveness Trials of Recovery Support Services for Individuals Treated with Medications for Opioid Use Disorder (R34 Clinical Trial Optional)
NOFO Number: RFA-DA-22-034
Summary:

Patients choosing treatment with medications for opioid use disorder as part of their recovery pathway often have difficulties staying on these medications for extended periods of time. Currently, no established evidence-based interventions are available to help. This project will leverage the impact of two widely used recovery support services: peer recovery support services and recovery housing. Delivered by community-based peers with lived recovery experience, the intervention will include assertive outreach, which encourages people in recovery between episodes of care to continue treatment and return to care after treatment dropout and/or resumed opioid use. This research will also examine whether these services can enhance benefits offered by the supportive recovery housing living environment.

1R24DA057659-01
Peer Recovery Innovation Network (PRIN) Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Recovery Research Networks NIDA University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio POTTER, JENNIFER SHARPE (contact); ASHFORD, ROBERT San Antonio, TX 2022
NOFO Title: HEAL Initiative: Research Networks for the Study of Recovery Support Services for Persons Treated with Medications for Opioid Use Disorder (R24 Clinical Trial Optional)
NOFO Number: RFA-DA-22-043
Summary:

About 23 million Americans identify as being in recovery from opioid and other substance use disorders. While recovery support services are an established best practice to support people in recovery, there is little scientific evidence to support the efficacy and implementation of peer recovery support services, training approaches, and delivery models. Recovery support services are particularly lacking in the U.S. Southwest and for individuals who choose to take medications for opioid use disorder as part of their recovery pathway. This project will establish the Peer Recovery Innovation Network to address research gaps. This research will incorporate input from people with lived experience in all stages of the recovery process – toward helping to set the research agenda and conducting the research, as well as enhancing infrastructure for peer recovery support services research.

R43DA056275-01
Digital Peer Support for Opioid Use Disorders: Scaling Chat Support Groups to meet Community Needs Cross-Cutting Research Small Business Programs NIDA Beacon Tech, Inc. COHEN, TRACEY Damascus, MD 2022
NOFO Title: HEAL Initiative: America’s Startups and Small Businesses Build Technologies to Stop the Opioid Crisis (R43/R44 - Clinical Trial Optional)
NOFO Number: RFA-DA-19-019
Summary:

Most people with opioid use disorder are either not in treatment or receive inconsistent treatment. Peer support is proven to be effective at engaging patients who are unwilling or unable to seek traditional treatment, but commonly available group support models are often separate from other clinical care or are otherwise hard for patients to access. This research will test a novel, machine learning enabled, digital peer support program added to an anonymous text-based social network that can provide 24/7 support for patients at all stages of recovery. The project will examine the ability of this digital service to engage and retain patients with opioid use disorder and will also develop novel techniques to automatically analyze patient messages for clinical and social determinants of health-related needs.

5R24DA051973-02
Studies to Advance Recovery Supports (STARS) in Central Appalachia Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Recovery Research Networks NIDA EAST TENNESSEE STATE UNIVERSITY PACK, ROBERT P Johnson City, Tennessee 2021
NOFO Title: Research Networks for the Study of Recovery Support Services for Persons Treated with Medications for Opioid Use Disorder (R24 Clinical Trial Optional)
NOFO Number: RFA-DA-20-014
Summary:

Central Appalachia has been devastated by opioid use disorder and overdose deaths for decades. Treatment access is improving across that region, yet few individuals successfully remain on treatment with medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD). Peer recovery support services can be highly effective in improving treatment outcomes and recovery, but there is limited evidence of how they can be implemented and used most effectively, particularly for individuals receiving MOUD. This project will create the Studies To Advance Recovery Supports (STARS) Network that aims to expand the infrastructure necessary to implement and evaluate peer recovery support services for these individuals. It will build research capacities at universities and health partners, enroll MOUD clinics and peer recovery support professionals, and promote data harmonization across network partners.

5R24DA051950-02
Building a Lasting Foundation to Advance Actionable Research on Recovery Support Services for High Risk Individuals with Opioid Use Disorder: The Initiative for Justice and Emerging Adult Populations Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Recovery Research Networks NIDA OREGON SOCIAL LEARNING CENTER, INC. SHEIDOW, ASHLI J Eugene, OR 2021
NOFO Title: Building a Lasting Foundation to Advance Actionable Research on Recovery Support Services for High Risk Individuals with Opioid Use Disorder: The Initiative for Justice and Emerging Adult Populations
NOFO Number: RFA-DA-20-014
Summary:

Emerging adults (ages 16-25) involved with public systems and individuals involved with the justice system (including emerging adults) are at the highest risk for problems stemming from opioid use disorder. Emerging adults report the highest rates of drug use, including opiates, and those involved with public systems are more likely to have poor outcomes. For adults of all ages, opioid use increases the likelihood of justice system involvement. Peer recovery support services and recovery residences are growing nationally and may benefit these two groups tremendously, but research on them is limited. This project will establish the Initiative for Justice and Emerging Adult Populations to advance recovery support services research through a partnership between researchers, people in recovery from these two populations, recovery support service providers, and payors.

3R33AT010606-03S1
Adapting the HOPE Online Support Intervention to Increase MAT Uptake Among OUD Patients Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Behavioral Research to Improve Medication-Based Treatment NCCIH UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA-IRVINE YOUNG, SEAN Irvine, CA 2021
NOFO Title: HEAL Initiative: Notice of Special Interest (NOSI) regarding the Availability of Administrative Supplements to Support Strategies to Increase Participant Diversity, Inclusion and Engagement in Clinical Studies
NOFO Number: NOT-NS-21-025
Summary:

Effective medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD) are approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of people with opioid use disorder; however, only a small fraction of patients who would benefit from these medications actually use them. Several reasons contribute to low MOUD use, including lack of insurance; lack of knowledge about the medications, both among patients and providers; stigma associated with MOUD; and social norms. Innovative methods are needed to help increase MOUD use. One such option is peer-led interventions that might increase patients’ interest in MOUD. One existing peer-led intervention is the Harnessing Online Peer Education (HOPE) online community intervention that has been designed to reduce stigma and increase health behavior change among stigmatized populations, such as people living with HIV. This project will investigate whether and how HOPE can be adapted for people with opioid use disorder. It will assess whether HOPE can effectively increase MOUD requests, MOUD uptake, and sustained adherence to MOUD as well as reduce overdose rates.  

3UG1DA049468-03S3
Exploring Health Beliefs for Community Engagement and Diversity in Clinical Trials Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Enhancing the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network to Address Opioids NIDA UNIVERSITY OF NEW MEXICO HEALTH SCIS CTR PAGE, KIMBERLY Albuquerque, NM 2021
NOFO Title: HEAL Initiative: Notice of Special Interest (NOSI) regarding the Availability of Administrative Supplements to Support Strategies to Increase Participant Diversity, Inclusion and Engagement in Clinical Studies
NOFO Number: NOT-NS-21-025
Summary:

Including all population subgroups in clinical research is important to ensure that research results apply to the entire population and can be implemented effectively. However, many communities are underrepresented in health research due to individual, cultural, or structural reasons. This project aims to develop a Health Beliefs Toolkit that will be a readily accessible resource for researchers, providers, and community groups to help them engage diverse and minority populations in clinical research, particularly regarding substance use disorders. The project will examine, adapt, and test existing materials and resources targeting individual and structural barriers to research engagement. The toolkit will also assess individuals’ knowledge of health as well as health-related personal values and beliefs to enhance health and research “literacy.” The toolkit will be targeted to primary care providers, community health workers, peer counselors, agency representatives, and patient and non-patient groups to enhance practice-based research in underserved communities.

3R61AT010799-01S2
Understanding How Peers Can Shift Stigma to Retain Low-Income, Minority Individuals in Opioid Treatment Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Behavioral Research to Improve Medication-Based Treatment NCCIH UNIV OF MARYLAND, COLLEGE PARK MAGIDSON, JESSICA F College Park, MD 2020
NOFO Title: HEAL Initiative: Notice of Special Interest (NOSI) regarding the Availability of Administrative Supplements to Support Strategies to Reduce Stigma in Pain Management and Opioid Use Disorder (OUD) and Treatment
NOFO Number: NOT-OD-20-101
Summary:

Stigma is a key barrier to retention in medication-based treatment for opioid use disorder, particularly among low-income, minority individuals. Stigma that exists at multiple levels contributes to poor retention in care, including internalized and anticipated stigma at the individual level, as well as enacted stigma at the health care provider- and community levels. There is an urgent need to develop and evaluate innovative strategies to reduce stigma at these multiple levels among low-income, racial/ethnic minority individuals to improve engagement in care. One of the most promising strategies to reduce multiple intersecting stigmas simultaneously and improve engagement in care for low-income, minority individuals is through the use of peer recovery coaches (PRCs). PRCs, individuals who have gone through the recovery process themselves and are typically state-certified, have been shown to be more acceptable for engaging and retaining low-income, racial/ethnic minority patients in treatment compared to other health workers. However, scarce research has formally evaluated the effects of PRCs on stigma. This study will test how a PRC model can reduce multiple intersecting stigmas among low-income, racial/ethnic minority individuals to improve retention in methadone treatment.

3R61AT010806-01S1
Enhancing Exercise and Psychotherapy to Treat Comorbid Addiction Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Behavioral Research to Improve Medication-Based Treatment NCCIH CASE WESTERN RESERVE UNIVERSITY NOCK, NORA L. Cleveland, OH 2020
NOFO Title: HEAL Initiative: Notice of Special Interest (NOSI) regarding the Availability of Administrative Supplements to Support Strategies to Reduce Stigma in Pain Management and Opioid Use Disorder (OUD) and Treatment
NOFO Number: NOT-OD-20-101
Summary:

Among the more than half-million adults entering addiction treatment for prescription opioid abuse every year, 50%-60% report co-morbid chronic pain, and 80% report that pain triggers relapse. Individualized/self-stigma among adults with substance abuse has been shown to lead to delayed recovery, increased relapse and reduced treatment-related attendance. Stigma may induce significant burden on patients with OUD and chronic pain and there may be unique characteristics of stigma for this population due to the overlap between medical treatment and substance abuse. Multiple sources of stigma may be imposed including internalized/self-stigma as well as intragroup/peer-to-peer (?horizontal?) stigma whereby peers impose stigma upon each other based on the type and severity of past drug use. Furthermore, stigma could be ?vertical? in that stigma may be enacted by health care providers or by treatment center staff. However, there is notably a lack of research and related assessment tools to measure these multidimensional facets of stigma, particularly in patients with OUD and chronic pain. The investigators will utilize a mixed-methods approach to evaluate internalized/self-stigma, anticipated/expected stigma and enacted stigma using existing standardized surveys, and to describe horizontal and vertical stigma in individuals with OUD and pain at multiple sites. In addition, the investigators will integrate the quantitative and qualitative information to help inform modifications to the psychotherapy component (I-STOP) of the parent award intervention, which would then also target multidimensional stigma in patients with OUD and chronic pain.

3UG1DA013727-20S4
Peer Recovery Support: A Bridge to Treatment for Overdose Survivors Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Enhancing the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network to Address Opioids NIDA Medical University of South Carolina Brady, Kathleen Charleston, SC 2019
NOFO Title: Administrative Supplements to Existing NIH Grants and Cooperative Agreements (Parent Admin Supp Clinical Trial Optional)
NOFO Number: PA-18-591
Summary:

Innovative interventions being conducted in emergency departments (EDs) for the treatment of opioid use disorders (OUD) have engaged more OUD individuals in treatment and saved lives. However, individuals who present to the ED following an opioid overdose, particularly those who have received naloxone reversal, are often resistant to accepting treatment. An innovative state-funded project called FAVOR Overdose Recovery Coaching Evaluation (FORCE) was initiated to try to address this problem wherein trained peer recovery coaches are called to the ED as soon as an opioid overdose victim is admitted. The proposed project will assess the feasibility and replicability of this model, assess whether the FORCE approach leads to more opioid overdose survivors entering formal substance use disorder treatment at one month compared to treatment as usual, and assess whether the FORCE approach leads to better retention in SUD treatment for OUD overdose survivors over time.

1R61AT010606-01
Adapting the HOPE Online Support Intervention to Increase MAT Uptake Among OUD Patients Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Behavioral Research to Improve Medication-Based Treatment NCCIH UCLA YOUNG, SEAN Los Angeles, CA 2019
NOFO Title: HEAL Initiative: Behavioral Research to Improve MAT: Behavioral and Social Interventions to Improve Adherence to Medication Assisted Treatment for Opioid Use Disorders (R61/R33 Clinical Trial Optional)
NOFO Number: RFA-AT-19-006
Summary:

Online peer-led support interventions may increase medication-assisted therapy (MAT) initiation and sustainment among participants with opioid use disorder (OUD) because they can leverage peers to widely and rapidly scale changes in social norms (e.g., interest in using MAT) throughout people’s natural, real-world, virtual environments. Harnessing Online Peer Education (HOPE), an online peer support community intervention designed to reduce stigma and increase health behavior change, has effectively changed health behaviors among stigmatized populations, such as for HIV. This study will determine how to adapt the HOPE online support intervention to increase MAT initiation and sustainment among participants with OUD, assess the intervention’s effectiveness at increasing MAT use among OUD participants recruited online who are not using MAT, and use an implementation science approach to determine the relationship between social network dynamics (e.g., network size), topics discussed on the online community, and behavior change.

1R61AT010799-01
Peer-Delivered Behavioral Activation Intervention to Improve Adherence to MAT Among Low-Income, Minority Individuals With OUD Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Behavioral Research to Improve Medication-Based Treatment NCCIH University of Maryland MAGIDSON, JESSICA F College Park, MD 2019
NOFO Title: HEAL Initiative: Behavioral Research to Improve MAT: Behavioral and Social Interventions to Improve Adherence to Medication Assisted Treatment for Opioid Use Disorders (R61/R33 Clinical Trial Optional)
NOFO Number: RFA-AT-19-006
Summary:

Poor medication-assisted treatment (MAT) retention disproportionately affects low-income racial/ethnic minority individuals with opioid use disorder (OUD) and increases risk for relapse; therefore, evidence-based interventions are needed to improve MAT retention. Peer recovery coaches (PRCs), trained individuals with experiences with substance use disorder, may be uniquely suited to address common MAT retention barriers among underserved populations, including stigma, challenges navigating services, housing instability, and other structural and psychosocial factors. Preliminary work by the research team suggests that behavioral activation (BA) by PRCs may be a feasible, scalable reinforcement-based approach for improving MAT retention for low-income minority OUD individuals. The study builds upon the research team’s formative work to adapt and evaluate the effectiveness and implementation of a PRC-delivered BA intervention (Peer Activate) to improve MAT retention for low-income, minority individuals with OUD.

2R44DA044062-02
LEVERAGING PREDICTIVE ANALYTICS WITHIN SOCIAL NETWORKS TO MAXIMIZE DRUG ANDALCOHOL TREATMENT EFFICACY AND RELAPSE PREVENTION Cross-Cutting Research Small Business Programs NIDA Sober Grid Pesce, Christopher Neil Boston, MA 2019
NOFO Title: PHS 2018-02 Omnibus Solicitation of the NIH for Small Business Innovation Research Grant Applications (Parent SBIR [R43/R44] Clinical Trial Required)
NOFO Number: PA-18-573
Summary:

Sober Grid™ has developed a smartphone-based mobile application currently in use by more than 120,000 individuals worldwide who are in, or seeking, recovery from drug and alcohol addiction. The “Grid,” as it is known, is a mobile-based, social recovery community providing rapid context-specific peer support, efficient help seeking, motivational enhancement exercises, and member ratings of support content—all aimed to prevent relapse. The overarching goal of this phase II project is to extend the current capabilities of the Sober Grid app to achieve a comprehensive social recovery support app featuring intelligent, context-appropriate resource matching and 24/7 rapid-response peer coaching that is effective in reducing disordered substance use and is cost-effective. This projects tests whether providing this functionality to high-risk members will be acceptable, feasible, increase access to and engagement with resources, and have a positive effect in increasing time to relapse and days of consecutive abstinence.