Justice Community Opioid Innovation Network (JCOIN)


The Research Need

Many people with opioid use disorder pass through the criminal justice system. Improved access to high-quality, evidence-based addiction treatment in justice settings is critical to addressing the opioid crisis.

About the Program

This program studies approaches to increase high-quality care for people in justice settings with opioid misuse or opioid use disorder. The research tests strategies to expand effective treatment and care in partnership with local and state justice systems and community-based treatment providers.

The program generates real-world evidence through a range of research approaches including implementation research, national surveys, and novel use of existing data. The program also provides opportunities for HEAL grantees to study the impacts of emerging policies and programs, and it introduces new and underrepresented investigators in justice-related research.

#NIHHEAL: The Justice Community Opioid Innovation Network with Dr. Faye Taxman

Faye Taxman, PhD discusses the Women's Justice Community Opioid Innovation Network.

#NIHHEAL: Dr. Rosemarie Martin on Telehealth Services for OUD in the Criminal Justice System

Rosemarie Martin, PhD discusses how a telehealth program could improve outcomes for justice-involved women.

Program Details

To date, through the Helping to End Addiction Long-term® Initiative, or NIH HEAL Initiative®, NIH has funded 32 grants for this program, totaling $128.2 million, to support research activities over multiple years. JCOIN consists of research hubs and two centers providing supportive infrastructure—the Coordination and Translation Center and the Methodology and Advanced Analytic Resource Center.

The research hubs conduct large multisite clinical trials that each involve five or more communities, engaging with justice settings and with local service providers. These studies focus on expanding the use of evidence-based medications, behavioral interventions, digital therapeutics, and comprehensive patient-centered treatments in justice systems across 27 states and Puerto Rico.

The Coordination and Translation Center manages network logistics, engagement with practitioners and other key stakeholders in the justice and behavioral health fields, and dissemination of products and key research findings. It also conducts research to identify effective dissemination strategies for reaching criminal justice stakeholders, and provides funding for innovative, rapid-turnaround pilot studies. An educational component provides mentorship and support to researchers and practitioners on conducting rigorous studies in justice settings.

The Methodology and Advanced Analytic Resource Center provides data infrastructure and statistical and analytic expertise to support individual JCOIN studies and cross-site data harmonization. The center also conducts novel empirical research to understand changes in state policies, public opinion, and service delivery within the criminal justice system as they relate to the opioid crisis.

Research Examples

Through the research hubs, JCOIN addresses gaps in opioid use disorder treatment and related services in a wide range of criminal justice settings, including jails, probation and parole, drug and other problem-solving courts, and juvenile justice systems. JCOIN’s studies are particularly focused on ensuring continuity of care as individuals move between the criminal legal system and community-based services.

Examples of studies undertaken by the research hubs include:

  • Studying the effectiveness and adoption of new medications for opioid use disorder
  • Evaluating the impacts of new state mandates for opioid use disorder services in jails and drug courts
  • Assessing strategies to connect individuals with treatment for opioid use disorder as they transition from jail to the community (e.g., telehealth, patient navigation, peer recovery support services)
  • Conducting implementation research to learn how to scale up effective practices
  • Examining agency staff perspectives on integrating opioid use disorder services into criminal legal systems
  • Assessing whether criminal legal involvement influences intervention effectiveness or treatment adherence

Research Institutions

  • Baystate Medical Center – Massachusetts
  • Brown University – Rhode Island
  • Chestnut Health Systems, Inc. – Illinois
  • Friends Research Institute, Inc. – Maryland
  • New York State Psychiatric Institute – New York
  • New York University School of Medicine – New York
  • Texas Christian University – Texas
  • University of Chicago – Illinois
  • University of Kentucky – Kentucky
  • Yale University – Connecticut

Coordination and Translation Center

  • George Mason University – Virginia

Methodology and Advanced Analytic Resource Center

  • University of Chicago – Illinois

Funded Projects

JCOIN Coordination and Translation Center
Sep 25, 2021
A comparative effectiveness trial of extended release naltrexone versus extended-release buprenorphine with individuals leaving jail
Mar 19, 2020
Kentucky Womens Justice Community Opioid Innovation Network (WJCOIN)
Mar 19, 2020
Mar 19, 2020
Long-acting buprenorphine vs. naltrexone opioid treatments in CJS-involved adults
Mar 19, 2020

Closed Funding Opportunities

Translational Research on Interventions for Adolescents in the Legal System: TRIALS (U01)
Sep 25, 2019
HEAL Initiative: Justice Community Opioid Innovation Network (JCOIN) Coordination and Translation Center (U2C Clinical Trial Optional)
Sep 25, 2019
HEAL Initiative: Justice Community Opioid Innovation Network (JCOIN) Methodology and Advanced Analytics Resource Center (U2C Clinical Trial Not Allowed)
Sep 25, 2019


NIH establishes network to improve opioid addiction treatment in criminal justice settings

The National Institutes of Health will award 12 grants to form the Justice Community Opioid Innovation Network (JCOIN) to support research on quality addiction treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD) in criminal justice settings nationwide.

Read more