Funded Projects

Project # Project Title Sort descending Research Focus Area Research Program Administering IC(s) Institution(s) Investigator(s) Location(s) Year Awarded
1R61AT010802-01
A Mindfulness and Peer Mentoring Program to Improve Adherence to Medication Assisted Treatment for Opioid Use Disorders Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Behavioral Research to Improve Medication-Based Treatment NCCIH Univ of Alabama MUMBA, MERCY N Tuscaloosa, AL 2019
FOA Title: HEAL Initiative: Behavioral Research to Improve MAT: Behavioral and Social Interventions to Improve Adherence to Medication Assisted Treatment for Opioid Use Disorders (R61/R33 Clinical Trial Optional)
FOA Number: RFA-AT-19-006
Summary:

There is evidence that combining mindfulness-based interventions and peer recovery support services with medication-assisted therapy (MAT) to treat opioid use disorders (OUD) reduces substance use, cravings, symptoms of depression and anxiety, and relapse rates, and improves treatment retention, and relationships with treatment providers and social supports. The goal of the present study is to determine the effectiveness of a mindfulness-based intervention that also utilizes peer mentors in addition to professional substance abuse therapists (the Minds and Mentors program [MiMP]) in improving adherence to MAT for OUD and reducing relapse rates in a sample of individuals with OUD who are also on MAT versus a 12-step facilitation (TSF) program. The study hypothesizes that participants in MiMP will demonstrate better adherence; reduced relapse and cravings (primary outcomes measures); reduced depression, anxiety, and stress; improved social support (secondary outcomes measures); and reduced cortisol levels and reactivity to drug cues (exploratory outcome measures).

7R61AT010606-02
Adapting the HOPE Online Support Intervention to Increase MAT Uptake Among OUD Patients Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Behavioral Research to Improve Medication-Based Treatment NCCIH UCLA YOUNG, SEAN Los Angeles, CA 2019
FOA Title: HEAL Initiative: Behavioral Research to Improve MAT: Behavioral and Social Interventions to Improve Adherence to Medication Assisted Treatment for Opioid Use Disorders (R61/R33 Clinical Trial Optional)
FOA Number: RFA-AT-19-006
Summary:

(Former RePORTER ID: 1R61AT010606-01)

Online peer-led support interventions may increase medication-assisted therapy (MAT) initiation and sustainment among participants with opioid use disorder (OUD) because they can leverage peers to widely and rapidly scale changes in social norms (e.g., interest in using MAT) throughout people’s natural, real-world, virtual environments. Harnessing Online Peer Education (HOPE), an online peer support community intervention designed to reduce stigma and increase health behavior change, has effectively changed health behaviors among stigmatized populations, such as for HIV. This study will determine how to adapt the HOPE online support intervention to increase MAT initiation and sustainment among participants with OUD, assess the intervention’s effectiveness at increasing MAT use among OUD participants recruited online who are not using MAT, and use an implementation science approach to determine the relationship between social network dynamics (e.g., network size), topics discussed on the online community, and behavior change.

4R33AT010118-02
Comprehensive CBT via reSET for a Hub and Spoke MAT System of Care Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Behavioral Research to Improve Medication-Based Treatment NCCIH PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIV HERSHEY MED CTR KAWASAKI, SARAH S; CAMPBELL, AIMEE N; HOLDEN, DENISE; NUNES, EDWARD V. Hershey, PA 2019
FOA Title: Clinical Trials or Observational Studies of Behavioral Interventions for Prevention of Opioid Use Disorder or Adjunct to Medication Assisted Treatment-SAMHSA Opioid STR Grants (R21/R33)
FOA Number: RFA-AT-18-002
4R33AT010125-02
Effect of Mindfulness Training on Opioid Use and Anxiety During Primary Care Buprenorphine Treatment Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Behavioral Research to Improve Medication-Based Treatment NCCIH CAMBRIDGE HEALTH ALLIANCE SCHUMAN OLIVIER, Z Cambridge, MA 2019
FOA Title: Clinical Trials or Observational Studies of Behavioral Interventions for Prevention of Opioid Use Disorder or Adjunct to Medication Assisted Treatment-SAMHSA Opioid STR Grants (R21/R33)
FOA Number: RFA-AT-18-002
1R61AT010800-01
Effectiveness of a CBT-based mHealth Intervention Targeting MOUD Retention, Adherence, and Opioid Use Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Behavioral Research to Improve Medication-Based Treatment NCCIH UCLA GLASNER-EDWARDS, SUZETTE V Los Angeles, CA 2019
FOA Title: HEAL Initiative: Behavioral Research to Improve MAT: Behavioral and Social Interventions to Improve Adherence to Medication Assisted Treatment for Opioid Use Disorders (R61/R33 Clinical Trial Optional)
FOA Number: RFA-AT-19-006
Summary:

Medications for the treatment of opioid use disorders (MOUD) are effective at reducing opioid use, opioid overdose risk, and opioid-related deaths; however, retention and adherence to MOUD treatment, particularly buprenorphine (BUP), are discouragingly low. The objective of the current research is to adapt and extend a cognitive behavioral therapy-based short message system (SMS) intervention (TXT-CBT) to address MOUD treatment retention and adherence using the imFREE (Interactive Messaging for Freedom from Opioid Addiction) platform. imFREE builds upon the efficacious SMS-based TXT-CBT intervention, with content addressing retention and adherence to BUP, including mitigating risk factors for dropout, and features to notify social and provider support contacts in the face of treatment discontinuation and/or other indicators of relapse and overdose risk. By providing support to maximize BUP treatment adherence, coupled with skills to prevent relapse, imFREE may provide a cost-effective, easily deployable strategy for OUD treatment and prevention of overdose deaths.

1R61AT010806-01
Enhancing Exercise and Psychotherapy to Treat Comorbid Addiction and Pain for Improving Adherence to Medication Assisted Treatment in Opioid Use Disorders Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Behavioral Research to Improve Medication-Based Treatment NCCIH Case Western Reserve Univ.; Univ. of Colorado-Denver NOCK, NORA L; WACHHOLTZ, AMY B Cleveland, OH; Denver, CO 2019
FOA Title: HEAL Initiative: Behavioral Research to Improve MAT: Behavioral and Social Interventions to Improve Adherence to Medication Assisted Treatment for Opioid Use Disorders (R61/R33 Clinical Trial Optional)
FOA Number: RFA-AT-19-006
Summary:

Exercise could repair structural and functional brain changes caused by opioid use disorder (OUD) and chronic pain by increasing growth and brain-derived neurotrophic factors and promote decreased substance cravings, reduced depression and anxiety, and increased analgesic effects that improve chronic pain. The team’s previous work with Parkinson’s disease and stroke patients showed that “assisted” exercise on a stationary cycle improved motor function and increased dopamine levels. The team also developed a novel self-regulation/cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program that co-addresses opioid addiction and pain (STOP) and improves pain tolerance, cravings, and functional engagement in daily activities. This study will take a multiphase optimization strategy approach to refining intervention protocols, testing feasibility, and evaluating the effects of exercise and STOP as adjunctive treatments to medication-assisted treatment (MAT) in adults with an OUD and chronic pain enrolled in residential treatment programs to decrease drug cravings and pain and increase adherence to MAT.

1R01AT010797-01
Enhancing the impact of behavioral pain management on MAT outcomes Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Behavioral Research to Improve Medication-Based Treatment NCCIH University of Michigan ILGEN, MARK A; LIN, LEWEI ALLISON Ann Arbor, MI 2019
FOA Title: HEAL Initiative Limited Competition: Behavioral Research to Improve MAT: Ancillary Studies to Enhance Behavioral or Social Interventions to Improve Adherence to Medication Assisted Treatment for Opioid Use Disorders (R01 Clinical Trial Optional)
FOA Number: RFA-AT-19-007
Summary:

Chronic pain may be linked to poorer outcomes in those using medication-assisted treatments (MAT) to treat opioid use disorders (OUD). Psychosocial interventions for pain have been effective in patients with chronic pain and substance use disorders, but these interventions have not been thoroughly examined in the OUD population receiving MAT. The study team previously refined and adapted a psychosocial pain management intervention (PPMI) to be delivered by telephone for patients with OUD receiving MAT. The current study will understand the potential applicability of this intervention to other high-risk groups, such as veterans, study the longer-term impact of PPMI, and gather data to inform the implementation of PPMI in MAT patients. This work will provide a robust test of the PPMI intervention to help enhance MAT outcomes in a larger and more representative group of participants while also paving the way for future implementation of interventions to improve MAT retention.

1R01DA051067-01
Hub and Spoke Opioid Treatment Networks: 2nd Generation Approaches to Improve Medication Treatment for Opioid Use Disorders Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Behavioral Research to Improve Medication-Based Treatment NIDA Brandeis University REIF, SHARON Waltham, MA 2019
FOA Title: HEAL Initiative Limited Competition: Behavioral Research to Improve MAT: Ancillary Studies to Enhance Behavioral or Social Interventions to Improve Adherence to Medication Assisted Treatment for Opioid Use Disorders (R01 Clinical Trial Optional)
FOA Number: RFA-AT-19-007
Summary:

Washington state used federal Opioid-STR funding to develop the Washington State Hub and Spoke Model (H&S), an integrated care model to expand access to OUD medications by incorporating primary care and substance use treatment programs, referral organizations, nurse care managers, and care navigators. Based on the initial success, Washington provided more funding and developed a second-generation, low-barrier H&S model, to place medication initiation sites in nontraditional settings, such as emergency departments, syringe exchanges, jails, and homeless shelters, and to have community partners offer OUD medication maintenance. The study will determine the implementation and effectiveness of the new H&S model, maintaining a hybrid effectiveness-implementation approach, and utilizing social network analysis to understand how H&S networks develop to serve the OUD population. The findings will demonstrate what makes the H&S model effective for increasing OUD medication treatment, improving outcomes for people with OUD, and reaching individuals who may not seek treatment.

1R01AT010742-01
Mindful Body Awareness Training as an Adjunct to Medication Assisted Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder: An ancillary study Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Behavioral Research to Improve Medication-Based Treatment NCCIH University of Washington PRICE, CYNTHIA J; MERRILL, JOSEPH O Seattle, WA 2019
FOA Title: HEAL Initiative Limited Competition: Behavioral Research to Improve MAT: Ancillary Studies to Enhance Behavioral or Social Interventions to Improve Adherence to Medication Assisted Treatment for Opioid Use Disorders (R01 Clinical Trial Optional)
FOA Number: RFA-AT-19-007
Summary:

Opioid use disorder interventions need to address the complex needs of patients, which include substantial mental health comorbidity and high rates of chronic pain. This study takes advantage of recent federal and state opioid use disorder treatment initiatives as a platform for testing a promising mind-body intervention, Mindful Awareness in Body-oriented Therapy (MABT) as an adjunct to Medication Assisted Treatment (MAT) with buprenorphine in clinical settings funded through the Washington Opioid State Targeted Response (STR) program. Using a randomized, repeated measures design, the study team will compare those who receive MABT+ MAT to MAT only. The overarching goal of this application is to test MABT to improve MAT outcomes among patients receiving buprenorphine to treat OUD. Results of this study will inform the evidence base for behavioral treatment adjuncts to MAT with buprenorphine and directly impact the future direction of opioid use disorder treatment in Washington state.

4R33AT010117-02
Mindful Moms in Recovery: Yoga-based mindfulness relapse prevention for pregnant women with opioid disorder Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Behavioral Research to Improve Medication-Based Treatment NCCIH DARTMOUTH COLLEGE LORD, SARAH E Hanover, NH 2019
FOA Title: Clinical Trials or Observational Studies of Behavioral Interventions for Prevention of Opioid Use Disorder or Adjunct to Medication Assisted Treatment-SAMHSA Opioid STR Grants (R21/R33)
FOA Number: RFA-AT-18-002
4R33AT010109-02
Mindfulness Oriented Recovery Enhancement as an Adjunct to Methadone Treatment for Opioid Use and Chronic Pain Management Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Behavioral Research to Improve Medication-Based Treatment NCCIH RBHS-ROBERT WOOD JOHNSON MEDICAL SCHOOL COOPERMAN, NINA Piscataway, NJ 2019
FOA Title: Clinical Trials or Observational Studies of Behavioral Interventions for Prevention of Opioid Use Disorder or Adjunct to Medication Assisted Treatment-SAMHSA Opioid STR Grants (R21/R33)
FOA Number: RFA-AT-18-002
1R61AT010799-01
Peer-Delivered Behavioral Activation Intervention to Improve Adherence to MAT Among Low-Income, Minority Individuals With OUD Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Behavioral Research to Improve Medication-Based Treatment NCCIH University of Maryland MAGIDSON, JESSICA F College Park, MD 2019
FOA Title: HEAL Initiative: Behavioral Research to Improve MAT: Behavioral and Social Interventions to Improve Adherence to Medication Assisted Treatment for Opioid Use Disorders (R61/R33 Clinical Trial Optional)
FOA Number: RFA-AT-19-006
Summary:

Poor medication-assisted treatment (MAT) retention disproportionately affects low-income racial/ethnic minority individuals with opioid use disorder (OUD) and increases risk for relapse; therefore, evidence-based interventions are needed to improve MAT retention. Peer recovery coaches (PRCs), trained individuals with experiences with substance use disorder, may be uniquely suited to address common MAT retention barriers among underserved populations, including stigma, challenges navigating services, housing instability, and other structural and psychosocial factors. Preliminary work by the research team suggests that behavioral activation (BA) by PRCs may be a feasible, scalable reinforcement-based approach for improving MAT retention for low-income minority OUD individuals. The study builds upon the research team’s formative work to adapt and evaluate the effectiveness and implementation of a PRC-delivered BA intervention (Peer Activate) to improve MAT retention for low-income, minority individuals with OUD.

4R33AT010106-02
Psychosocial pain management to improve opioid use disorder treatment outcomes Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Behavioral Research to Improve Medication-Based Treatment NCCIH University of Michigan at Ann Arbor ILGEN, MARK Ann Arbor, MI 2019
FOA Title: Clinical Trials or Observational Studies of Behavioral Interventions for Prevention of Opioid Use Disorder or Adjunct to Medication Assisted Treatment-SAMHSA Opioid STR Grants (R21/R33)
FOA Number: RFA-AT-18-002
1R61AT010604-01
Testing the Effects of Contingency Management and Behavioral Economics on Buprenorphine-Naloxone Treatment Adherence Using a Sequential Multiple Assignment Randomized Trial (SMART) Design Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Behavioral Research to Improve Medication-Based Treatment NCCIH University of Tennessee DEREFINKO, KAREN J Knoxville, TN 2019
FOA Title: HEAL Initiative: Behavioral Research to Improve MAT: Behavioral and Social Interventions to Improve Adherence to Medication Assisted Treatment for Opioid Use Disorders (R61/R33 Clinical Trial Optional)
FOA Number: RFA-AT-19-006
Summary:

This application will develop and execute a sequential multiple assignment randomized trial (SMART) design to test two forms of behavioral economics intervention to promote medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder. The two interventions, in person, brief motivational interviewing and substance-free activities intervention (BMI+SFAS), initially will be tested for satisfaction and acceptability with participants who are initiating buprenorphine-naloxone treatment and then be tested by SMART for its ability to promote MAT adherence. This innovative SMART design that tests two psychosocial interventions to increase adherence to MAT initiation is likely to have a significant impact on engagement of opioid use disorder patients in treatment and address an underserved population with opioid use disorder who is resistant to MAT adherence.

1R61AT010614-01
The Youth Opioid Recovery Support (YORS) Intervention: An assertive community treatment model for improving medication adherence in young adults with opioid use disorder Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Behavioral Research to Improve Medication-Based Treatment NCCIH Maryland Treatment Centers FISHMAN, MARC Baltimore, MD 2019
FOA Title: HEAL Initiative: Behavioral Research to Improve MAT: Behavioral and Social Interventions to Improve Adherence to Medication Assisted Treatment for Opioid Use Disorders (R61/R33 Clinical Trial Optional)
FOA Number: RFA-AT-19-006
Summary:

Young people are disproportionately affected by the opioid crisis due to lack of access to medications for opioid use disorder (OUD) and poor adherence to these treatments. The Youth Opioid Recovery Support (YORS) model is an innovative wraparound approach that attempts to address barriers to treatment engagement in the young adult population, especially difficulties with medication adherence. The YORS model components include home delivery of extended-release naltrexone for OUD, engagement of families in collaborative treatment planning and monitoring focusing on medication adherence, assertive outreach from the treatment team by text messaging and social media to promote engagement and adherence, and contingency management to provide incentives for medication adherence. If the refining and testing demonstrates the efficacy of the YORS intervention, future work could include an economic analysis, a larger multisite study, longer intervention duration, study of extended-release buprenorphine, and study of step-down to less intensive interventions.