Funded Projects

Project # Project Title Research Focus Area Research Program Administering IC(s) Institution(s) Investigator(s) Location(s) Year Awarded
3UG1DA049467-03S3
Quantifying How Cocaine Users Respond to Fentanyl Contamination in Cocaine Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Enhancing the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network to Address Opioids NIDA RUSH UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER KARNIK, NIRANJAN Chicago, IL 2021
FOA Title: Notice of Special Interest to Encourage Eligible NIH HEAL Initiative Awardees to Apply for PA-20-222: Research Supplements to Promote Diversity in Health-Related Research (Admin Supp - Clinical Trial Not Allowed)
FOA Number: NOT-NS-20-107
Summary:

The increased presence of fentanyl in cocaine has drastically increased cocaine-related overdoses, yet there is no research quantifying how cocaine users respond to fentanyl adulteration. In this online study, a modification of a behavioral economics measure, the Cocaine Purchase Task, will quantify for the first time how cocaine users respond to fentanyl contamination in cocaine. This study aims to 1) Determine how possible fentanyl adulteration affects cocaine demand, and 2) Determine which individual characteristics moderate the relationship between fentanyl adulteration and cocaine demand. Determining how possible fentanyl adulteration affects cocaine demand can help inform the development of effective harm reduction interventions for people who use cocaine to address the worsening crisis of opioid related deaths.

3UG1DA049468-03S3
Exploring Health Beliefs for Community Engagement and Diversity in Clinical Trials Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Enhancing the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network to Address Opioids NIDA UNIVERSITY OF NEW MEXICO HEALTH SCIS CTR PAGE, KIMBERLY Albuquerque, NM 2021
FOA Title: HEAL Initiative: Notice of Special Interest (NOSI) regarding the Availability of Administrative Supplements to Support Strategies to Increase Participant Diversity, Inclusion and Engagement in Clinical Studies
FOA Number: NOT-NS-21-025
Summary:

Including all population subgroups in clinical research is important to ensure that research results apply to the entire population and can be implemented effectively. However, many communities are underrepresented in health research due to individual, cultural, or structural reasons. This project aims to develop a Health Beliefs Toolkit that will be a readily accessible resource for researchers, providers, and community groups to help them engage diverse and minority populations in clinical research, particularly regarding substance use disorders. The project will examine, adapt, and test existing materials and resources targeting individual and structural barriers to research engagement. The toolkit will also assess individuals’ knowledge of health as well as health-related personal values and beliefs to enhance health and research “literacy.” The toolkit will be targeted to primary care providers, community health workers, peer counselors, agency representatives, and patient and non-patient groups to enhance practice-based research in underserved communities.

3UG1DA049467-03S2
HEAL Diversity Supplement: Great Lakes Nodes Clinical Trials Network Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Enhancing the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network to Address Opioids NIDA RUSH UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER KARNIK, NIRANJAN Chicago, IL 2021
FOA Title: Notice of Special Interest to Encourage Eligible NIH HEAL Initiative Awardees to Apply for PA-20-222: Research Supplements to Promote Diversity in Health-Related Research (Admin Supp - Clinical Trial Not Allowed)
FOA Number: NOT-NS-20-107
Summary:

Negative Affect (NA) and stress are key features of Opioid Use Disorder (OUD) and often lead to drug use and relapse. The Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) dominates physiological responses to emotions and stress, yet its function and how it unfolds over time and in real-world settings remains understudied in the context of OUD. With new wearable technologies, ANS function can be measured through heart rate variability (HRV) and can be recorded continuously via wearable sensors, providing a non-invasive method to examine physiological mechanisms underlying stress and NA in real-world settings and in real-time. The present research will serve as a pilot study to assess 1. The role of autonomic function (indexed by HRV) as a marker of NA and stress in people with OUD 2. Participants’ adherence to wearing sensor devices and response rates to daily questionnaires. To achieve these objectives, we will monitor participants for 14 days and quantify self-reports measures of stress, overall daytime HRV patterns, and the magnitude, frequency, and duration of reduced HRV instances. Our findings can help advance technologies to address the opioid epidemic, and our understanding of physiological markers as objective measures and predictors of NA and stress in OUD.

3UG1DA049436-02S2
Developing an intervention to address intersecting prescription opioid and chronic pain stigma in cancer survivors Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Enhancing the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network to Address Opioids NIDA UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH AT PITTSBURGH LIEBSCHUTZ, JANE M. Pittsburgh, PA 2020
FOA Title: HEAL Initiative: Notice of Special Interest (NOSI) regarding the Availability of Administrative Supplements to Support Strategies to Reduce Stigma in Pain Management and Opioid Use Disorder (OUD) and Treatment
FOA Number: NOT-OD-20-101
Summary:

While advances in cancer treatment have increased survival rates, these patients often suffer from chronic cancer pain. Prescription opioids are often prescribed during active cancer treatment, but their long-term use for chronic cancer pain is associated with risk for opioid use disorder and risk for stigmatization associated with emotional distress, suboptimal health behaviors and coping strategies, and difficult patient-provider communication. This study aims to conduct qualitative interviews exploring prescription opioid and chronic pain stigma in cancer survivors with moderate-to-severe pain, caregivers, and clinicians who treat patients with chronic cancer pain, including oncologists, primary care providers, pain management specialists, and palliative care physicians. An analysis of potential contributors to stigma in cancer survivors will be completed to support development of multi-level behavioral interventions to reduce stigma and explore long-term health outcomes from such interventions.

3UG1DA040316-06S4
NorthStar Node of the Clinical Trials Network-Bring two lines of research together to help primary care clinicians (PCCs) recognize and address increased risk of suicide for people at elevated risk of opioid use disorder (OUD) Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Enhancing the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network to Address Opioids NIDA HENNEPIN HEALTHCARE RESEARCH INSTITUTE BART, GAVIN Minneapolis, MN 2020
FOA Title: HEAL Initiative: Notice of Special Interest (NOSI) regarding the Availability of Administrative Supplements to Support Strategies to Reduce Stigma in Pain Management and Opioid Use Disorder (OUD) and Treatment
FOA Number: NOT-OD-20-101
Summary:

Increasing primary care clinician intention and behavior to obtain waivers to prescribe buprenorphine for treatment of opioid use disorder and increase use of the Opioid Wizard, a clinical decision support tool, has potential for patient benefit. This supplement will provide support to evaluate a training tool as an intervention to reduce stigma in primary care clinics by integrating a stigma reduction training component into the Opioid Wizard training at multiple sites of the NIDA Clinical Trial Network. Primary care providers will be randomized to novel stigma reduction training, grounded in stigma science, or an attention-control training to determine whether stigma reduction training reduces provider stigma, increases intention to apply for a waiver to prescribe buprenorphine, and ultimately increase the likelihood that providers use Opioid Wizard. The proposed supplement will utilize the randomized controlled trial design embedded in the larger multisite trial to evaluate the Opioid Wizard tool to help primary care clinicians identify, diagnose, and treat patients with opioid use disorder while evaluating the effect of the stigma reduction training.

3UG1DA040316-04S4
Clinic-Randomized Trial of Clinical Decision Support for Opioid Use Disorders in Medical Settings Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Enhancing the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network to Address Opioids NIDA HENNEPIN HEALTHCARE RESEARCH INSTITUTE BART, GAVIN; JOSEPH, ANNE Minneapolis, MN 2019
FOA Title: Administrative Supplements to Existing NIH Grants and Cooperative Agreements (Parent Admin Supp Clinical Trial Optional)
FOA Number: PA-18-591
Summary:

There is a significant treatment gap between patients diagnosed with OUD and those who seek treatment, and only a small proportion of those seeking treatment receive MOUD. Primary care is the most common point of health care contact in the U.S. and is an important venue to address stigma, improve access to treatment and improve quality of care. Over the past decade, electronic health record (EHR)-linked Web-based point-of-care clinical decision support (CDS) systems designed to improve quality of chronic disease care have become increasingly sophisticated and successful. A Web-based and EHR-integrated OUD CDS system to offer expert guidance to primary care providers (PCPs) on the diagnosis and management of OUD was developed and piloted. This project will implement the OUD clinical decision support system in three large diverse health care systems and randomize a minimum of 30 clinics to receive the OUD-CDS intervention or usual care (UC). The project will evaluate the impact of OUD CDS on practice process measures and patient outcomes. The study will also prepare for scalability and dissemination by evaluating facilitators and barriers to implementation, determining the costs of implementation and maintenance and assessing the short-term cost impacts of the OUD-CDS.

3UG1DA013727-20S4
Peer Recovery Support: A Bridge to Treatment for Overdose Survivors Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Enhancing the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network to Address Opioids NIDA Medical University of South Carolina Brady, Kathleen Charleston, SC 2019
FOA Title: Administrative Supplements to Existing NIH Grants and Cooperative Agreements (Parent Admin Supp Clinical Trial Optional)
FOA Number: PA-18-591
Summary:

Innovative interventions being conducted in emergency departments (EDs) for the treatment of opioid use disorders (OUD) have engaged more OUD individuals in treatment and saved lives. However, individuals who present to the ED following an opioid overdose, particularly those who have received naloxone reversal, are often resistant to accepting treatment. An innovative state-funded project called FAVOR Overdose Recovery Coaching Evaluation (FORCE) was initiated to try to address this problem wherein trained peer recovery coaches are called to the ED as soon as an opioid overdose victim is admitted. The proposed project will assess the feasibility and replicability of this model, assess whether the FORCE approach leads to more opioid overdose survivors entering formal substance use disorder treatment at one month compared to treatment as usual, and assess whether the FORCE approach leads to better retention in SUD treatment for OUD overdose survivors over time.

3UG1DA040314-05S4
Developing a Prescription Opioid Registry Across Diverse Health Systems Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Enhancing the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network to Address Opioids NIDA KAISER FOUNDATION RESEARCH INSTITUTE CAMPBELL, CYNTHIA I; BRADLEY, KATHARINE ANTHONY; WEISNER, CONSTANCE M. Oakland, CA 2019
FOA Title: Administrative Supplements to Existing NIH Grants and Cooperative Agreements (Parent Admin Supp Clinical Trial Optional)
FOA Number: PA-18-591
Summary:

The opioid crisis continues its highly negative impact, with more than 49,000 opioid-related overdose deaths in 2017. In 2016, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued guidelines for opioid prescribing that included opioid dosing and risk mitigation strategies, and health systems implemented similar initiatives even earlier. This has resulted in a quickly changing and more conservative prescribing environment. National data indicate the number of prescriptions has fallen between 2013 and 2016. Registries and electronic health record (EHR) data are increasingly cited as valuable resources to address critical research questions on opioid use with high efficiency. To our knowledge, no investigators have established an EHR-based prescription opioid registry across several diverse health systems with common data algorithms with the flexibility to address multiple questions. The goal of the proposed research is to develop a prescription opioid registry across 10 diverse health systems with harmonized EHR data from years 2012-2018 and leverage it to answer several key “next-step” research questions in response to the opioid crisis. The registry will include medications prescribed for treatment of OUD, including buprenorphine products.

3UG1DA013714-18S4
CLINICAL TRIALS NETWORK: PACIFIC NORTHWEST NODE Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Enhancing the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network to Address Opioids NIDA UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON DONOVAN, DENNIS; HATCH-MAILLETTE, MARY AKIKO Seattle, WA 2019
FOA Title: Administrative Supplements to Existing NIH Grants and Cooperative Agreements (Parent Admin Supp Clinical Trial Optional)
FOA Number: PA-18-591
3UG1DA040309-05S4
OUD Phenotyping Feasibility for Clinical Trials Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Enhancing the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network to Address Opioids NIDA DARTMOUTH COLLEGE MARSCH, LISA A. Hanover, NH 2019
FOA Title: Administrative Supplements to Existing NIH Grants and Cooperative Agreements (Parent Admin Supp Clinical Trial Optional)
FOA Number: PA-18-591
Summary:

Very little research has been conducted on better understanding of phenotypic characterization of individuals with OUD (beyond DSM-5 diagnoses) and how these features predict illness severity, treatment retention or outcomes. The primary objective of the deep phenotyping study is to provide a comprehensive phenotypic characterization (e.g., domains of negative affect, reward salience, cognitive control, mental health) of a heterogeneous sample of individuals (n = 1,000) who currently meet one or more DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for OUD and are in treatment for OUD. In a subset of this sample (n = 100), the investigators conduct digital phenotyping to examine the utility of ecological momentary assessment (EMA), digital sensing and social media to predict retention, medication adherence and opioid use outcomes in patients receiving buprenorphine for OUD. It is anticipated that this foundational study will inform the feasibility and utility of such assessments that can be successfully embedded into imminent and future CTN and other OUD clinical trials.

3UG1DA013035-18S3
Emergency Department-INitiated bupreNOrphine and VAlidaTIOn Network Trial (ED-INNOVATION) Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Enhancing the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network to Address Opioids NIDA NEW YORK UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF MEDICINE ROTROSEN, JOHN P; NUNES, EDWARD V. New York, NY 2019
FOA Title: Administrative Supplements to Existing NIH Grants and Cooperative Agreements (Parent Admin Supp Clinical Trial Optional)
FOA Number: PA-18-591
Summary:

Emergency department (ED)-initiated buprenorphine/naloxone (BUP) with referral for ongoing BUP is superior to referral alone in engaging patients with untreated opioid use disorder (OUD) in treatment at 30 days and is cost-effective. However, logistical barriers exist in translating research into practice. New BUP formulations such as the extended-release injectable BUP (CAM2038, XR-BUP) hold promise in addressing many of the barriers more effectively than sublingual buprenorphine (SL-BUP) by treating the patients’ symptoms for up to seven days. This study will recruit, train and provide resources to 30 ED sites throughout the U.S. using implementation facilitation strategies to address stigma and provide ED-initiated BUP for patients presenting with OUD who are not receiving medications for OUD. Once implementation is adequately achieved, the sites will conduct a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to compare the effectiveness of SL-BUP versus XR-BUP on ED patients’ engagement in formal addiction treatment seven days after their ED visit. In addition, in an ancillary component of the study, the use of XR-BUP will be assessed in ED patients with Clinical Opioid Withdrawal Scale (COWS) scores of


Ancillary Study of the Adoption and Sustainability of ED-Initiated Buprenorphine Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Enhancing the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network to Address Opioids NIDA Emmes Corporation VanVeldhuisen, Paul Rockville, MD 2019
FOA Number:
Summary:

For many reasons, the emergency department (ED) is a critical venue to initiate opioid use disorder (OUD) interventions. ED patients have a disproportionately high prevalence of substance use disorders and are at an elevated risk of overdose, and many do not access health care elsewhere. Despite this, OUD interventions are rarely initiated in EDs. The Emergency Department Connection to Care with Buprenorphine for Opioid Use Disorder study (CTN-0079) will assess the feasibility, acceptability and impact of introducing clinical protocols for screening for OUD, buprenorphine treatment initiation, and referral for ongoing treatment in ED settings with high need, limited resources and different staffing structures. This extension study will use the existing infrastructure to evaluate the adoption and sustainability of the clinical protocols introduced at each of the study sites and to identify factors influencing their diffusion and effectiveness.

3UG1DA015831-18S5
Medication treatment for Opioid-dependent expecting Mothers (MOMs): A Pragmatic Randomized Trial Comparing Extended-Release and Daily Buprenorphine Formulations (CTN-0080) Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Enhancing the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network to Address Opioids NIDA McLean Hospital Weiss, Roger Belmont, MA 2019
FOA Title: Administrative Supplements to Existing NIH Grants and Cooperative Agreements (Parent Admin Supp Clinical Trial Optional)
FOA Number: PA-18-591
Summary:

The growing opioid use epidemic in the U.S. has been associated with a significant increase in the prevalence of pregnant opioid-dependent women and neonatal abstinence syndrome, which is associated with adverse health effects for the infant and with costly hospitalizations. Maintenance with sublingual (SL) buprenorphine (BUP) is efficacious for opioid use disorder but has disadvantages that may be heightened in pregnant women, including the potential for poor adherence, treatment dropout, and negative maternal/fetal effects associated with daily BUP peak-trough cycles. Extended release (XR) formulations may address some of these disadvantages. The primary objective of CTN-0080 is to evaluate the impact of treating opioid use disorder in pregnant women (n = 300) with BUP-XR, compared to BUP-SL, on maternal-infant outcomes. Other objectives include testing a conceptual model of the mechanisms by which BUP-XR may improve maternal-infant outcomes, relative to BUP-SL; determining the economic value of BUP-XR, compared with BUP-SL, to treat OUD in pregnant women; and evaluating the impact of BUP-XR, relative to BUP-SL, on neurodevelopment when the infant/child is approximately 12 and 24 months of age. Ultimately, this study will help in increasing access to treatment as well as provide quality care for pregnant/postpartum women.

3UG1DA013732-20S2
Validation of a Community Pharmacy-based Prescription Drug Monitoring Program Risk Screening Tool (PHARMSCREEN) Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Enhancing the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network to Address Opioids NIDA University of Cincinnati Winhusen, Theresa Cincinnati, OH 2019
FOA Title: Administrative Supplements to Existing NIH Grants and Cooperative Agreements (Parent Admin Supp Clinical Trial Optional)
FOA Number: PA-18-591
Summary:

Community pharmacies are optimal—yet underutilized—settings for identifying individuals with opioid use disorder (OUD) and increasing their access to treatment. Approximately 93 percent of individuals in the U.S. live within 5 miles of a community pharmacy. The most common opioid-related tool available to pharmacists is the prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP), which provides highly limited information and support for clinical decision making. Appriss Health, the largest U.S. PDMP vendor, covering 42 states, has developed an opioid risk measure, the NarxScore. This study will clinically validate the NarxScore metric and identify high, moderate and low opioid risk thresholds to inform OUD care management within urban and rural community pharmacies. This is a prospective cross-sectional comprehensive OUD risk and behavioral/physical health survey administered electronically with patients (n = 1,523) filling opioid medications in urban/rural community pharmacies in Ohio (pharmacy sites: n = 12) and Indiana (pharmacy sites: n = 3), states that continue to have disproportionately high rates of overdose and opioid prescribing. Correlation, regression and kappa statistics will be calculated for validation; receiver operating curves with sensitivity/specificity values will be employed for threshold identification (with >95 percent power to detect an area of 0.7 under the curve value).

3UG1DA040316-05S4
Exemplar Hospital Initiation Trial to Enhance Treatment Engagement (EXHIT ENTRE) Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Enhancing the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network to Address Opioids NIDA HENNEPIN HEALTHCARE RESEARCH INSTITUTE BART, GAVIN; JOSEPH, ANNE Minneapolis, MN 2019
FOA Title: Administrative Supplements to Existing NIH Grants and Cooperative Agreements (Parent Admin Supp Clinical Trial Optional)
FOA Number: PA-18-591
Summary:

Hospital inpatient stays due to opioid-related health problems are a reachable moment for increasing access to treatment with medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD). Hospitalized patients with opioid use disorder (OUD) are at particularly high risk for morbidity, mortality, and high medical costs in the U.S. This study will substantially inform the care management of OUD in hospitalized patients. The project includes a comparative effectiveness research trial and an implementation research trial, which will lead to models of broad dissemination for treatment approaches to this largely unaddressed population. They will examine whether (1) in hospitals with addiction medicine consultation services, hospital-initiated extended-release buprenorphine (XR-BUP), compared with other OUD medications, results in increased engagement in treatment with MOUD following hospital discharge and (2) training hospitals without such consultation services on best practices for initiating MOUD using consultation service hubs improves medication uptake in hospitals and increased MOUD treatment engagement following discharge.

3UG1DA013727-19S1
Integrating Nurse Practitioner Buprenorphine Wavier Training into Graduate Nursing Curriculum Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Enhancing the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network to Address Opioids NIDA Medical University of South Carolina BRADY, KATHLEEN T.; CARPENTER, MATTHEW J Charleston, SC 2019
FOA Title: Administrative Supplements to Existing NIH Grants and Cooperative Agreements (Parent Admin Supp Clinical Trial Optional)
FOA Number: PA-18-591
Summary:

This proposal would address barriers to the NP’s ability to prescribe buprenorphine by incorporating waiver education into NP final semester curriculum. The initial eight hours of training would be provided to students in a face-to-face classroom setting or via live video streaming. The remaining 16 hours would be completed by the NP students through online modules offered by the AANP. Trained NP students would be eligible for one year of peer-to-peer mentorship and inclusion in the MUSC Project ECHO tele-mentoring for new providers. Outcomes to be tracked would be the number of NPs trained who obtain their waiver and the number of individuals treated with MOUD by the NPs trained. Secondary data collected would offer insight into wavier obtainment process and determine need for mentorship for newly waivered providers.

3UG1DA040314-04S3
Developing a Prescription Opioid Registry Across Diverse Health Systems Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Enhancing the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network to Address Opioids NIDA KAISER FOUNDATION RESEARCH INSTITUTE CAMPBELL, CYNTHIA I; BRADLEY, KATHARINE ANTHONY; WEISNER, CONSTANCE M. Oakland, CA 2019
FOA Title: Administrative Supplements to Existing NIH Grants and Cooperative Agreements (Parent Admin Supp Clinical Trial Optional)
FOA Number: PA-18-591
Summary:

The opioid crisis continues its highly negative impact, with more than 49,000 opioid-related overdose deaths in 2017. In 2016, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued guidelines for opioid prescribing that included opioid dosing and risk mitigation strategies, and health systems implemented similar initiatives even earlier. This has resulted in a quickly changing and more conservative prescribing environment. National data indicate the number of prescriptions has fallen between 2013 and 2016. Registries and electronic health record (EHR) data are increasingly cited as valuable resources to address critical research questions on opioid use with high efficiency. To our knowledge, no investigators have established an EHR-based prescription opioid registry across several diverse health systems with common data algorithms with the flexibility to address multiple questions. The goal of the proposed research is to develop a prescription opioid registry across 10 diverse health systems with harmonized EHR data from years 2012-2018 and leverage it to answer several key “next-step” research questions in response to the opioid crisis. The registry will include medications prescribed for treatment of OUD, including buprenorphine products.

1UG1DA049435-01
Greater Southern California Node of the Clinical Trials Network Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Enhancing the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network to Address Opioids NIDA UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA LOS ANGELES HSER, YIH-ING; MOONEY, LARISSA JEANETTE Los Angeles, CA 2019
FOA Title: The National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network (UG1 Clinical Trial Optional)
FOA Number: RFA-DA-19-008
Summary:

The overarching goal of the Greater Southern California Node (GSCN) of the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network (CTN) is to expand access to and improve outcomes of treatments for substance use disorders (SUDs)—with a special emphasis on opioid use disorder (OUD). The specific aims of GSCN include the development of new research protocols, support of multi-site CTN projects, and dissemination of research findings. The GSCN research agenda includes four priority areas: (1) developing and testing effective interventions for OUD and related comorbidities, (2) applying implementation science to deliver and expand OUD treatment, (3) leveraging electronic health record systems and data science generation of innovative approaches to improve treatment for OUD, and (4) expanding OUD treatment access and utilization through mHealth and other technologies. The GSCN research agenda reflects its capacity to collaboratively expand CTN efforts to develop and implement innovative approaches to improve treatment for OUD.

1UG1DA049468-01
New Mexico Clinical Trials Node: Clinical research and practice to address substance use in diverse, rural and underserved populations Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Enhancing the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network to Address Opioids NIDA UNIVERSITY OF NEW MEXICO HEALTH SCIS CTR PAGE, KIMBERLY; KOMAROMY, MIRIAM Albuquerque, NM 2019
FOA Title: The National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network (UG1 Clinical Trial Optional)
FOA Number: RFA-DA-19-008
Summary:

New Mexico (NM) is an epicenter of the opioid crisis in the United States. Many challenging social determinants, including poverty and unemployment, contribute to high rates of opioid use disorder (OUD) in NM. The aims of the NM node are to (1) develop and maintain a highly efficient platform to conduct clinical trials that will inform evidence-based prevention and treatment of OUD; (2) collaborate on and lead research that addresses and improves outcomes across the OUD Cascade of Care (CoC); and (3) promote uptake of best practices in OUD prevention and care in NM and nationwide through effective dissemination of evidence-based innovations. NM node research will ensure the development of robust and generalizable methods for prevention, identification, and treatment of OUD, including evaluation and modification of the CoC to expand the local and national knowledge base.

3UG1DA013034-19S3
DC Research Infrastructure Building & Initiative to Reach, Engage, and Retain in MOUD Patients with OUD Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Enhancing the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network to Address Opioids NIDA Johns Hopkins University STITZER, MAXINE L; SCHWARTZ, ROBERT Baltimore, MD 2019
FOA Title: Administrative Supplements to Existing NIH Grants and Cooperative Agreements (Parent Admin Supp Clinical Trial Optional)
FOA Number: PA-18-591
Summary:

The opioid overdose epidemic is increasingly affecting urban, poor and predominantly minority populations in the U.S., including Washington, D.C., as indicated by rapidly increasing overdoses clustered in medically underserved, economically disadvantaged, largely African American areas of the District and many of the nation’s other largest cities. This study seeks to (1) develop, implement and conduct a preliminary evaluation of an integrated, community-based collaborative care model, employing peer recovery coaches and telepsychiatry services, to improve utilization and effectiveness of MOUD in Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) and (2) use a community-based participatory research approach to develop, implement and conduct a preliminary evaluation of outreach, engagement and recovery support interventions in nontraditional community settings (e.g., grassroots community groups, churches or religious organizations, soup kitchens, black barber shops or nail or hair salons).


Culturally Centered MAT for OUD Implementation Facilitation for Primary Care and Addiction Treatment Programs Serving American Indian/Alaska Natives Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Enhancing the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network to Address Opioids NIDA Emmes Corporation VanVeldhuisen, Paul Rockville, MD 2019
FOA Number:
Summary:

The U.S. is in the midst of a devastating opioid epidemic. Since 1999, the number of overdose (OD) deaths involving opioids has quadrupled. These trends are magnified among American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) compared to other racial/ethnic groups. AI/ANs are second only to Whites in the rate of OD mortality (8/100,000 versus 12/100,000 deaths, respectively). Medications for opioid use disorder (OUD; i.e., methadone, buprenorphine and naltrexone) are considered the most effective treatment, reducing mortality and increasing abstinence and retention. However, numerous barriers limit the uptake of medications for OUD in tribal communities and within urban treatment settings serving AI/AN individuals. This is a two-phase formative research study to develop and test an implementation intervention for programs to provide medications to treat OUD specifically with AI/AN consumers. The objective of Phase I (12 months) is to develop a culturally centered implementation intervention to integrate medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD) into health care/addiction specialty settings. The objective of Phase II (24 months) is to conduct a preliminary test of the implementation intervention at four sites serving AI/AN communities. Community-based participatory research (CBPR) methods will be used throughout both phases. This study will help with decreasing stigma and increase the utilization of MOUD in health care settings that serve AI/AN populations.

3UG1DA015831-18S7
Emergency Department-INitiated bupreNOrphine and VAlidaTIOn Network Trial (ED-INNOVATION) Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Enhancing the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network to Address Opioids NIDA McLean Hospital Weiss, Roger Belmont, MA 2019
FOA Title: Research Supplements to Promote Re-Entry into Biomedical and Behavioral Research Careers (Admin Supp - Clinical Trial Not Allowed)
FOA Number: PA-18-592
Summary:

Emergency department (ED)-initiated buprenorphine/naloxone (BUP) with referral for ongoing BUP is superior to referral alone in engaging patients with untreated opioid use disorder (OUD) in treatment at 30 days and is cost-effective. However, logistical barriers exist in translating research into practice. New BUP formulations such as the extended-release injectable BUP (CAM2038, XR-BUP) hold promise in addressing many of the barriers more effectively than sublingual buprenorphine (SL-BUP) by treating the patients’ symptoms for up to seven days. This study will recruit, train and provide resources to 30 ED sites throughout the U.S. using implementation facilitation strategies to address stigma and provide ED-initiated BUP for patients presenting with OUD who are not receiving medications for OUD. Once implementation is adequately achieved, the sites will conduct a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to compare the effectiveness of SL-BUP versus XR-BUP on ED patients’ engagement in formal addiction treatment seven days after their ED visit. In addition, in an ancillary component of the study, the use of XR-BUP will be assessed in ED patients with Clinical Opioid Withdrawal Scale (COWS) scores of

3UG1DA040317-05S2
Pharmacists’ knowledge of, attitudes about, and intention to provide pharmacy-based services for screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment and medication treatment for opioid use disorders Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Enhancing the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network to Address Opioids NIDA Duke University Wu, Li-Tzy Durham, NC 2019
FOA Title: Administrative Supplements to Existing NIH Grants and Cooperative Agreements (Parent Admin Supp Clinical Trial Optional)
FOA Number: PA-18-591
Summary:

Given the magnitude of the opioid death epidemic, we need multiple approaches to increase use of medication treatment for opioid use disorder (MOUD) for people from diverse geographical locations. Pharmacists as dispensers of and gatekeepers to opioid medications, including those used for OUD treatment, are natural partners of health care providers. Community pharmacists are widely available even in rural areas. This 2-year study will use a mixed-method design that includes qualitative and quantitative approaches to study pharmacists’ knowledge of, attitudes about, and intention to provide patient care and services for screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment for substance use disorders and MOUD. Study aims are to conduct stakeholder interviews, develop a survey instrument to assess such barriers and facilitators, pilot test the survey instrument, and conduct the survey among licensed pharmacists.

3UG1DA013034-20S2
DC Research Infrastructure Building & Initiative to Reach, Engage, and Retain in MOUD Patients with OUD Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Enhancing the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network to Address Opioids NIDA JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY BIGELOW, GEORGE; SCHWARTZ, ROBERT P Baltimore, MD 2019
FOA Title: Administrative Supplements to Existing NIH Grants and Cooperative Agreements (Parent Admin Supp Clinical Trial Optional)
FOA Number: PA-18-591
Summary:

The opioid overdose epidemic is increasingly affecting urban, poor and predominantly minority populations in the U.S., including Washington, D.C., as indicated by rapidly increasing overdoses clustered in medically underserved, economically disadvantaged, largely African American areas of the District and many of the nation’s other largest cities. This study seeks to (1) develop, implement and conduct a preliminary evaluation of an integrated, community-based collaborative care model, employing peer recovery coaches and telepsychiatry services, to improve utilization and effectiveness of MOUD in Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) and (2) use a community-based participatory research approach to develop, implement and conduct a preliminary evaluation of outreach, engagement and recovery support interventions in nontraditional community settings (e.g., grassroots community groups, churches or religious organizations, soup kitchens, black barber shops or nail or hair salons).

3UG1DA040314-04S7
Primary Care Opioid Use Disorders Treatment Trial (PROUD) Economic Analysis Study Translation of Research to Practice for the Treatment of Opioid Addiction Enhancing the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network to Address Opioids NIDA KAISER FOUNDATION RESEARCH INSTITUTE CAMPBELL, CYNTHIA I; BRADLEY, KATHARINE ANTHONY Oakland, CA 2019
FOA Title: The National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network (UG1)
FOA Number: RFA-DA-15-008
Summary:

Effective treatment for OUD has been shown to improve patient outcomes and reduce health care costs; however, evidence of this effect in primary care settings is severely limited. The health economic findings from this study will supplement the parent PROUD trial’s results regarding clinical effectiveness and implementation outcomes and provide critical contextual information for health systems and other health care stakeholders. The study will evaluate the economic viability of the PROUD collaborative care model for OUD—that is, from the perspective of the health care sector, to what extent do the downstream cost savings associated with improved patient outcomes offset the additional costs of the PROUD intervention? The specific aims are to (1) estimate the start-up and ongoing management costs of the PROUD intervention, (2) assess costs associated with health care utilization for patients who receive primary care treatment in PROUD and usual care clinics and have been identified with recognized OUDs before clinic randomization, and (3) estimate the economic value of the PROUD intervention, measured as net monetary benefit (NMB, incremental benefit minus incremental cost), from the health care sector perspective.